Home Africa 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Botswana Independence

10 Things You Didn’t Know About Botswana Independence


The world’s No. 1 diamond producer, Botswana is home to a vibrant economy and is famous for its high-end safari experiences. As the country celebrates its golden jubilee — 50 years of independence from Britain on 30th September 2016 — here are 10 things you didn’t know about Botswana.

Colonized by the Brits

In March 1885, Britain declared Botswana its protectorate and called it Bechuanaland.


Winds of change

Botswana never embraced colonialism, and by the 1940s signs of a national independence movement began with the formation of independent churches and schools.

A new Constitution was drafted

By 1955 it became apparent that Britain would concede to Botswana’s demands for national independence and by 1961 a new constitution was drafted.


Independence Day

On Sep 30, 1966 Botswana official gained independence from Great Britain and changed its name to the Republic of Botswana.

How it’s celebrated

The majority of Botswanans travel home for independence day to celebrate the national “Boipuso” holiday with their families.

Africa’s longest running continuous democracy

Botswana is considered one of the most stable countries in Africa, and has had a consistent record of multi-party democratic elections since it became independent.

Sparsely populated

With just over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries.

3 Chiefs Monument of Botswana’s independence located in Gaborone

Fast growing economy

After independence Botswana was one of the world’s poorest countries with a GDP of about $70 per year. Since then it has transformed itself into one of the fast growing economies in the world with a GDP of about $16,400 per year.

High standard of living

As such its residents have a high standard of living and gross national income levels by African standards. It is also the world’s largest producer of diamonds.

Hard hit by AIDS

The U.N. reports that one in three adults in Botswana are infected with HIV or have developed AIDS. That said the country also has one of Africa’s best treatment programs and anti-retroviral drugs easy to obtain.

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  1. “it became the poorest country after independence ” this shows the most cruel act against Africans by British I pity my fellow Africans.

  2. like many richest countries in Afrika,Botswana is attacked by puppets to kill the economy not to serve other countries in making…we need that diamond in our people to make us rich and provide for our families…we can do it and share the wealth with love and protect our nations in poverty…


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