Home Africa All of Africa was colonized by foreign powers during the “scramble for Africa”, except Ethiopia and Liberia

All of Africa was colonized by foreign powers during the “scramble for Africa”, except Ethiopia and Liberia

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Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African countries that were not colonized. Liberia was founded by freed slaves and Ethiopia resisted Italian attempts at colonization.

Between 1881 and 1914, an invasion and occupation of Africa by European countries resulted in a mass colonization of most African countries. This invasion is referred to as the “Scramble for Africa.” By 1914, 90 percent of Africa was colonized, compared to 10 percent in 1870.

Ethiopia, known as Abyssinia at the time, was invaded by Italy twice but their efforts to colonize the country were unsuccessful and Abyssinia, or Ethiopia, remained independent. Liberia was established as an independent colony created for freed slaves by the American Colonization Society. In 1839, it was declared as a commonwealth and, in 1847, Liberia was declared completely independent.


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  1. Just a point of correction, Bichonaland ( the Botswana of today ), and Barotseland also where NEVER colonised, Barotseland was instead granted a protection against colonialism by British authority by that time. and protection was granted in exchange for mineral exploration which was well negotiated by the leaders of that era. The only country that colonized Barotseland is Zambia under the leadership of the so-called Dr Kenneth Kaunda. In short, Barotseland too, was NEVER colonized by whites, but dictated by the African child, Dr Kenneth Kaunda. Kindly revisit History of Africa in comprehensiveness for proper insight into what actually happened.

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