Corruption is hidden wilfully so it is impossible to measure it directly. In order to measure corruption, proxies are used by agencies like the Transparency International. Common criticisms that these agencies have to face is that corruption is too complex to be measured by one or few performance indicators. Moreover, these agencies leave out the private sector when they are accounting for corruption in the state as a whole. Transparency International has thus warned that a country with a clean CPI score may also be linked to corruption internationally. There is no country thus that can be corruption free
In the most recent CPI report, it has been stated that even when there are laws against corruption, they are ignored or skirted. People face situations of bribery and or extortion where they have to forego the rules.
As Ranked by Transparency International’s report, these are the most corrupt nations in the world today.
The top exports of Somalia are charcoal, livestock, bananas and scrap metal. Somalia had a very promising future before core countries of the world decided to intervene in its economic future and cause a disruption. It is now a hyperinflationary economy with uncertainty and instability being the primary reasons for lack of foreign investment.
4. South Sudan
The primary export of South Sudan is crude oil. The main types of corruption in Sudan are embezzlement, police corruption and involve public financial management and extractives. It had been predicted to attain self reliance after the freedom but it plunged into civil war leading to international isolationism. Its rulers control virtually every part of the country’s economy thus hindering what could have been a very functional state. Rumor has it that it is the Western forces that are responsible for the civil war in the country.
It exports gold, coal, Arabic gum, livestock and oil majorly. The country is one of the most corrupt nations in the world occupying 177th place out of 183 in total. The reasons for corruption are lack of government regulation, lack of accountability, widespread instability in politics, low score in rule of law and in government’s effectiveness. There is heavy foreign investment in the sectors of construction and transportation but it is commonly known that there is a lot of corruption in these areas as well. Possible reasons are lack of accountability and control f the regime.
Corruption represents a significant obstacle for companies that want to do business in Libya. It has the largest oil reserves in Africa and one of the largest in the world. The economy is based on oil and it constitutes 70% of GDP and approximately 90% of the government’s revenue. State owned businesses dominate the local market and companies struggle with unfair competition as bribery and favouritism are common in the country. There was rampant corruption during the rule of Gaddafi and the situation only worsened after the revolution. The Arab Spring did not show the expected results in any of the countries that underwent the revolt in 2011. The law enforcement in the country is a very weak department after the revolution. The constitution is still in the process of being written and law and order situation remains abysmal as of now.
According to the Heritage Foundation, corruption is a basic characteristic of the government of Guinea-Bissau. Its ranking on the index has deteriorated since 2012. There is a prevalence of impunity and citizens of the city have no right to information. The most probable cause of widespread corruption is drug trafficking that is a norm in the country. The place is a haven and heaven for the drug lords of Columbia. There is widespread poverty and a collapse of the state in general that favours the drug business. There was some improvement between 2008 and 2011 after which a military coup brought an end to the government’s efforts to reign corruption.