São Tomé and Príncipe, an African island country near the equator, is part of a volcano chain featuring striking rock and coral formations, rainforests and beaches. The larger island, São Tomé, is popular for snorkeling in Lagoa Azul lagoon. Ôbo Natural Park, a biodiverse jungle preserve, covers much of São Tomé and is distinguished by Pico Cão Grande, a skyscraperlike volcanic rock.
Capital: São Tomé
Founded: July 12, 1975
President: Manuel Pinto da Costa
Prime minister: Patrice Trovoada
Population: 192,993 (2013) World Bank
Currency: São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
Official language: Portuguese